Families of death row inmates fear the worst amid rumours of more executions to come

The execution last weekend of four Myanmar dissidents has raised fears that more could soon be put to death by the country’s military junta.

On Thursday, the regime’s spokesperson, Gen Zaw Min Tun, did not rule out that possibility in an interview with the BBC’s Burmese-language service.

“However, we will only have to take the necessary legal steps for the cases where multiple death sentences were handed down,” he said, adding that prisoners would also be given a chance to appeal their sentences.

For the families of Htet Paing Soe and Wai Yan Tun, two youths being held inside Yangon’s notorious Insein Prison, these words did not offer much comfort.

Between them, the two men are facing a total of seven death sentences, making them likely candidates for early execution.

Arrested in July of last year for allegedly murdering a junta-appointed administrator in Yangon’s South Dagon Township, they have also been accused of carrying out several other assassinations.

Tried by a military tribunal, they were sentenced to death just five months after their arrest. Htet Paing Soe, 27, was found guilty in four murder cases and given one death sentence for each, while Wai Yan Tun, 25, received three—one for each murder he allegedly committed.

The current status of the two prisoners was unclear, but sources close to their families said that there were reports that Htet Paing Soe had been removed from his cell on Tuesday, the day after the regime announced Myanmar’s first executions in more than three decades.

insein_prison.jpeg

The main entrance of Yangon’s Insein Prison, seen in July (Myanmar Now)

According to one source who did not want to be named, Htet Paing Soe and Wai Yan Tun share a cell in a ward for condemned prisoners with one other prisoner. 

“When I heard that he alone was taken out of his cell that night, I started to cry,” the source—a close friend of Htet Paing Soe’s family—said, adding that it was still not known where he had been transferred to.

Unable to meet the prisoners due to the junta’s restrictions, the families of the two men have grown increasingly anxious over speculation that more executions may be imminent.

For some political observers, the junta’s resumption of executions for the first time since 1988 has set a very dangerous precedent that will make it harder than ever to emerge from the current crisis.

“There is no longer any reason for the military council and the resistance to try to compromise. There is now a clear division between friend and enemy. In the past, you might be criticised if you spoke of reconciliation, but now you’re more likely to end up dead,” said Sai Nyunt Lwin, the chair of the Shan Nationalities League for Democracy.

As if to underline this grim pronouncement, there were reports on Thursday of yet another killing in Yangon targeting an administrator appointed by the regime.

Than Win, a ward administrator in Botahtaung Township, was gunned down at the corner of Merchant Road and 42nd Street, in downtown Yangon, becoming the latest casualty of a war that shows no signs of ending.

The current status of the two prisoners was unclear, but sources close to their families said that there were reports that Htet Paing Soe had been removed from his cell on Tuesday, the day after the regime announced Myanmar’s first executions in more than three decades.

insein_prison.jpeg

The main entrance of Yangon’s Insein Prison, seen in July (Myanmar Now)

According to one source who did not want to be named, Htet Paing Soe and Wai Yan Tun share a cell in a ward for condemned prisoners with one other prisoner. 

“When I heard that he alone was taken out of his cell that night, I started to cry,” the source—a close friend of Htet Paing Soe’s family—said, adding that it was still not known where he had been transferred to.

Unable to meet the prisoners due to the junta’s restrictions, the families of the two men have grown increasingly anxious over speculation that more executions may be imminent.

For some political observers, the junta’s resumption of executions for the first time since 1988 has set a very dangerous precedent that will make it harder than ever to emerge from the current crisis.

“There is no longer any reason for the military council and the resistance to try to compromise. There is now a clear division between friend and enemy. In the past, you might be criticised if you spoke of reconciliation, but now you’re more likely to end up dead,” said Sai Nyunt Lwin, the chair of the Shan Nationalities League for Democracy.

As if to underline this grim pronouncement, there were reports on Thursday of yet another killing in Yangon targeting an administrator appointed by the regime.

Than Win, a ward administrator in Botahtaung Township, was gunned down at the corner of Merchant Road and 42nd Street, in downtown Yangon, becoming the latest casualty of a war that shows no signs of ending.

Insein Prison (Myanmar Now)

Insein’s death row prisoners separated from other inmates

The move is seen as sign that the junta may be planning to carry out more executions in the near future

Insein Prison (Myanmar Now)

The move is seen as sign that the junta may be planning to carry out more executions in the near future

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Weapons and ammunition seized after the resistance attack on the police post in Taung Kalay on November 21 (Supplied)

Taung Kalay is located on the road that connects the towns of Mudon in Mon State and Kyainseikgyi in Karen State. Vehicles travelling on the road were caught in the fighting on Monday.

Around 100 regime soldiers and members of a pro-military Border Guard Force (BGF) retook the outpost after the resistance forces left the village, according to a local resident.

“The current update is that the BGF, police and the military have re-occupied the outpost. The other side has retreated from the village,” the local told Myanmar Now on Tuesday.

Around two-thirds of Taung Kalay’s inhabitants fled soon after the fighting began, while others followed the next day, he added.

“Some residents who couldn’t get away had to hide in nearby caves,” he said.

Additional reporting by Linn Htin

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